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airfieldmanual:4._flying_authorisation

4. Flying Authorisation

4.1 Supervision

Flying will normally take place when an SGC or approved visiting instructor has been designated as Lead Instructor to supervise. Typically during midweek operations, this will be the SGC Staff Instructor. At weekends there is a Duty team with a designated Lead Instructor and supporting Duty Instructors. The Lead Instructor should be a BGA Full Cat instructor or, alternatively, an EASA FI(S) or a BGA Asst. Cat Instructor approved to supervise airfield operations.

Lead Instructors, Support Instructors, and Duty Pilots have a duty of care and supervision to ensure that all flying and airfield activity is carried out safely and efficiently, in particular ensuring that newer, less experienced members are given suitable coaching and mentoring.

4.1.1 Logsheets

A complete and accurate log of glider flights must be kept so that pilots can be tracked and any overdue gliders identified. Launch point controllers are briefed that “no details = no launch”.

Pilots intending to go cross-country must indicate their intentions (e.g. their proposed task) on the log sheet, refer D. Cross Country Flying.

Self-launching pilots must book out using the powered aircraft movements logsheet next to the office and ensure that the Lead Instructor is aware that they are airborne and that they have the ability to alert the SGC should they become overdue from a flight.

All pilots must ensure that they have been logged down after returning to Portmoak.

If you land away from Portmoak you must report it, otherwise SAR (Search and Rescue) procedures will be implemented to find you. If you cannot contact the office or duty instructor leave a message on the answerphone (01592 840543), as this will be checked before calling the emergency services.

4.2 Pilot Licencing and Qualifications

4.2.1 Certificates

Until 8th December 2021 in the UK a glider pilot is not required to hold a glider pilot’s licence. The BGA instead issues a gliding certificate on reaching solo standard which is then used to record a pilot’s progress from solo, through the Bronze endorsement, to Cross Country Endorsement (CCE) and beyond (aerobatics, cloud flying, introductory flight endorsements). A pilot with a Bronze certificate and a CCE is a Qualified Pilot. The gliding certificate along with a current logbook is a sufficient demonstration of the level of competence achieved for gliding in the UK.

4.2.2 Licences

Alongside the system above, the BGA, via the UK CAA, also supports the EASA Sailplane Flight Crew Licencing system, SFCL. Under the EASA system a glider pilot has either a Sailplane Pilots Licence (SPL) or a Light Aeroplane Pilots Licence (Sailplane), (LAPL(S)) – these are equivalent to the Bronze C plus CCE. The EASA SPL is an ICAO compliant licence and is recognised in Europe and other countries.

By 8th December 2021 all qualified glider pilots flying EASA gliders (basically any glider with a G- registration) in the UK will require a SPL unless under training or direct supervision (the LAPL(S) will be phased out and holders will be deemed to have the privileges of the SPL). After the UK leaves the European Union the SPL will be a CAA licence, mirroring the EASA equivalent, and ICAO compliant. The CAA has indicated it will mirror EASA regulations for at least the first two years after Brexit, i.e. until end of December 2022.

4.3 Medicals

All PIC’s must have a current medical certificate or medical declaration (which may be GP countersigned or a Pilot Medical Declaration made via the CAA Portal). For solo flying a driving licence is sufficient.

The medical assessment must be appropriate for the glider pilot’s licence or certificate and for the type of flying he/she wishes to do. It should be noted that the medical requirements for gliding and GA in general are under review and subject to change. The BGA website details the latest medical requirements for pilots.

A copy of your current medical assessment must be held by the SGC office.

4.3.1 IMSAFE Check List

As well as holding a valid medical, pilots should also ensure that on any given day they are fit to fly; the following “I’M SAFE” check list can be used;

I Illness/Injury Ill? Head injury, weakness / limited movement / pain?
M Medication     Side effects of dizziness, lethargy, etc?
S Stress Mentally pre-occupied with issues at home, at work, etc?
A Alcohol Recommended minimum of 12 hours between consumption of alcohol and flying.
F Fatigue Lack of energy, tiredness?
E Eating Have you (had) adequate food and drink?

4.4 Currency and Privileges

4.4.1 Currency and Privileges Table

The following table summarises the SGC minimum currency requirements for solo pilots.

The BGA has a “currency barometer” which looks at the number of launches and gliding hours in the last 12 months. You should use this in conjunction with the requirements below to assess the “quality” of your currency. A copy of the barometer is on the CFI’s notice board and can be found on the BGA website here Currency Barometer. For example, if you are only flying about 10 hours a year and don’t do many launches, you are permanently in the red section and should think very carefully about your flying safety. You need to be doing at least 25 hours to maintain reasonable flying standards.

Obviously some weather conditions are much more challenging than others, and being current on winch doesn’t mean you can aerotow, or vice versa. The supervising instructor may impose limits on solo flying, or conversely may waive the currency recommendations for an individual, in both cases dependent upon the individual’s overall experience. However, the person primarily responsible for deciding if a proposed flight is safe is not the supervising instructor but the pilot. All pilots must make considered and rational judgements about their own currency – depending on the launch method, the glider and the weather – and discuss their situation with an instructor if in any doubt.

A “qualified pilot” is one holding Bronze plus CCE (Cross Country Endorsement) or a LAPL(S) or SPL licence. In the case of those who were pilots before CCE was invented, holding a Silver C makes them “qualified”.

In addition to the requirements in the table, all pilots intending on carrying passengers in gliders, motor gliders or aeroplanes must have completed 3 take-offs and landings in the last 90 days in accordance with EASA air operations and licencing rules, refer Sailplane Rule Book.

Visiting instructors may only instruct on site with approval of CFI (or Deputy) following site familiarisation and briefing.

Level of Experience Restrictions/Currency Privileges
Solo, with fewer than 10 solo flights. Daily check before flying. All flying must be under the direct supervision of an instructor
10 satisfactory solo flights plus SGC instructor recommendation and signature in logbook, but not yet a qualified pilot. Briefing before every flight. Check after every 10th flight until Bronze completed. Check flight if 3 weeks since last flight using proposed launch method. 24 month checks required. As above.
Qualified pilot, but pre-Silver. Note: minimum age 16 for this qualification. Check flight if 6 weeks since last flight using proposed launch method. 24 month checks required. Self-authorising for solo flying, under overall supervision by an instructor on the field. Authorisation required from SGC Instructor for cross-country flights in SGC aircraft. Briefing recommended from SGC instructor for cross country flights in own aircraft.
Silver Badge and above or holding a BGA Instructor rating Check flight or discussion with instructor if 6 weeks since last flight using proposed launch method. 12 month checks required for those qualified to fly with passengers, except that instructors follow standard BGA annual revalidation requirements. Must retain 30 days currency to instruct or carry passengers. 24 month checks required for all others. Self-authorising for solo flying. Authorisation required from SGC Instructor for cross-country flights in SGC aircraft.

4.4.2 Club Aircraft Flight Requirements

Aircraft Members Visitors
Junior All SGC solo pilots with 10 solo flights or more Adequate currency (green or yellow on BGA currency barometer) plus site familiarisation. Review with lead instructor.
DG505/Perkoz All SGC Bronze+CCE pilots, subject to satisfactory check flight(s) Silver, subject to satisfactory check flight(s)

All initial flights must only be made after approval and briefing by a SGC instructor, refer Glider Conversion and Private Purchase.

Flights in the Junior, DG505 and Perkoz require that pilot has current spin training and relevant conversion briefing and check flights.

4.4.3 Introductory Flights and Trial Lessons

These must be conducted within current BGA guidelines with approved instructors and appropriate supervision. Due to the nature of this flying with members of the public, we must ensure we fully exercise our duty of care during these flights. The BGA guidance on Introductory Flights and Trial Lessons can be found in the BGA Managing Flying Risk area.

Members of the public turning up for an introductory flight or trial lesson must be fully briefed on what the lesson involves – there is an excellent DVD which should be shown to visitors in the Clubhouse to give them a good idea of what’s involved prior to going out to the launch point.

The passenger or student must wear a parachute and must be briefed on how to escape from the aircraft and use the parachute in an emergency. If it is found that the use of a parachute results in the passenger/student exceeding the maximum load for a particular aircraft, use another aircraft which will cater for that weight. If it turns out impossible to meet the weight requirements in any aircraft and/or by getting a lighter instructor then the individual concerned should be politely told that we cannot fly them.

4.4.4 Friends and Family

Qualified Pilots can obtain a F&F rating which is issued by the CFI or deputy. Pilots so authorised must ensure that the care and supervision standards set down by the BGA for trial lessons are applied to this flight activity and that they adhere strictly to these guidelines. All flying must be approved by the Lead Instructor. The PIC must have a current F&F rating (via an annual check with a Full Rated instructor) and satisfy the requirements in Currency and Privileges.

Any PIC flying with a non-pilot passenger must have a suitable medical (GP countersigned as minimum, see BGA Laws and Rules - Medical)

Passengers flown by F&F pilots must be personally known to the pilot and must have completed a day membership form. Members who are not qualified for F&F themselves may still bring friends or family members to fly with an instructor.

4.4.5 Mutual Flying

Only qualified pilots (Bronze+CCE) may fly mutuals. The flight must be approved by the Lead Instructor.

  • it must be clear and agreed who is the Pilot In Command; normally the more experienced pilot will be the PIC.
  • the PIC is ultimately responsible for the flight safety.
  • the PIC must satisfy the requirements in Currency and Privileges.
  • the PIC should fly from the front seat unless specifically authorised by a Full Instructor to fly from the rear.

Any insurance requirements or restrictions need to be borne in mind when flying private two-seaters.

4.5 Visitors

Visiting pilots wishing to fly solo must become temporary (reciprocal) members of the SGC and must provide a copy of their current medical and bring their up-to-date log book for inspection even if flying in their own gliders. Visiting pilots flying their own private gliders must show a current ARC, annual and insurance. First-time visitors must get a site briefing and a site familiarisation flight, refer 7. Visitors.

4.6 Glider Conversion and Private Purchase

SGC members converting to a new club glider type, or considering purchasing a whole or part share of a glider, or taking an insurance share, must ensure that they follow a proper conversion process.

4.6.1 Key requirements

  • Agreement must be obtained from the CFI prior to purchase or taking an insurance share of a glider in whole or in part;
  • For club aircraft you must meet the criteria in Currency and Privileges;
  • You must not take your first flight in any glider (club or private) unless you have followed a proper conversion process as set out in the BGA Instructor Manual, Section 6-22 and have had a briefing and approval from the Lead Instructor for the flight on that day.

4.7 Discipline

The CFI has the power to revoke solo flying privileges at SGC if he or she deems it necessary. In the absence of the CFI, any instructor may, when necessary, ground a club member who is guilty of a breach of flying discipline until the circumstances of the case can be reported to the CFI.

3. Portmoak Airfield and Facilities | Contents | 5. Airfield Operations

airfieldmanual/4._flying_authorisation.txt · Last modified: 2021/08/30 10:04 by kateb